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    GOVT. ARIGNAR ANNA CANCER HOSPITAL AND RESEARCH INSTITUTE, KANCHIPURAM 

                            This hospital is situated on NH4 Chennai-Bangalore Highway, Karapettai, Kancheepuram on an area of 25 acres of land. This is one among the 27 Regional Cancer Centres in India.    

There are 290 inpatient beds available.

OPD functions between 8am and 12 noon.

Visiting hours for visitors is between 4pm and 6pm.

Round the clock Duty medical officer is available to take care of emergencies.  

Patients are treated free of cost.
Under CMCHIS patients are offered state of art cancer treatment.


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What is cancer?
Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body. Not all tumors are cancerous; benign tumors do not spread to other parts of the body.

How is it caused?

Tobacco use is the cause of about 22% of cancer deaths. Another 10% is due to obesity, poor dietlack of physical activityand drinking alcohol. Other factors include certain infections, exposure to ionizing radiation and environmental pollutants.In the developing world nearly 20% of cancers are due to infections such as hepatitis Bhepatitis C and human papillomavirus(HPV). These factors act, at least partly, by changing the genes of a cell. Typically many genetic changes are required before cancer develops. Approximately 5–10% of cancers are due to inherited genetic defects from a person's parents. Cancer can be detected by certain signs and symptoms or screening tests.  It is then typically further investigated by medical imaging and confirmed by biopsy.

CANCER IS CURABLE IF DETECTED EARLY


To remember the seven early warning signs of cancer, think of the word CAUTION:
Change in bowel or bladder habits.
A sore that does not heal.
Unusual bleeding or discharge.
Thickening or lump in the breasttesticles, or elsewhere.
Indigestion or difficulty swallowing.
Obvious change in the size, colour, shape, or thickness of a wartmole, or mouth sore.
Nagging cough or hoarseness.
 

BREAST SELF EXAMINATION - Screening to detect breast cancers early

Step 1: Begin by looking at your breasts in the mirror with your shoulders straight and your arms on your hips.

Here's what you should look for:

  • Breasts that are their usual size, shape, and color
  • Breasts that are evenly shaped without visible distortion or swelling

If you see any of the following changes, bring them to your doctor's attention:

  • Dimpling, puckering, or bulging of the skin
  • A nipple that has changed position or an inverted nipple (pushed inward instead of sticking out)
  • Redness, soreness, rash, or swelling

Breast Self-Exam - Step 1

Breast Self-Exam — Step 1
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Step 2: Now, raise your arms and look for the same changes.

Step 3: While you're at the mirror, look for any signs of fluid coming out of one or both nipples (this could be a watery, milky, or yellow fluid or blood).

Breast Self-Exam - Steps 2 and 3

Breast Self-Exam — Steps 2 and 3
Larger Version

Step 4: Next, feel your breasts while lying down, using your right hand to feel your left breast and then your left hand to feel your right breast. Use a firm, smooth touch with the first few finger pads of your hand, keeping the fingers flat and together. Use a circular motion, about the size of a quarter.

Cover the entire breast from top to bottom, side to side — from your collarbone to the top of your abdomen, and from your armpit to your cleavage.

Follow a pattern to be sure that you cover the whole breast. You can begin at the nipple, moving in larger and larger circles until you reach the outer edge of the breast. You can also move your fingers up and down vertically, in rows, as if you were mowing a lawn. This up-and-down approach seems to work best for most women. Be sure to feel all the tissue from the front to the back of your breasts: for the skin and tissue just beneath, use light pressure; use medium pressure for tissue in the middle of your breasts; use firm pressure for the deep tissue in the back. When you've reached the deep tissue, you should be able to feel down to your ribcage.

Breast Self-Exam - Step 4

Breast Self-Exam — Step 4
Larger Version

Step 5: Finally, feel your breasts while you are standing or sitting. Many women find that the easiest way to feel their breasts is when their skin is wet and slippery, so they like to do this step in the shower. Cover your entire breast, using the same hand movements described in step 4.

Breast Self-Exam - Step 5

Breast Self-Exam — Step 5
Larger Version


 

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